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The fishermen are demanding to impose a moratorium on the transformation of "historical principle"
Material posted: Gornova Anna M.Publication date: 20-09-2019

Debate continues surrounding the attempt of the Federal Antimonopoly service to change the "historical principle" allocation of quota to fish, adopted in most countries of the world and showed a positive trend in Russia. This time the fishing community excited about the preparation of the FAS draft order of the Government of the Russian Federation on amendments to the action plan (road map) for the development of competition, according to which it is proposed to distribute not less than 50% of the volume of quotas of extraction (catch) of aquatic biological resources, previously distributed on the "historical principle", by means of auction in the electronic form.

In 2016, the summer was adopted on the results of the state Council is actually a new fishing Law, which established the "rules of the game" in the industry for 15 years, this law introduced a new form of quotas for investment purposes. In 2018, the fishermen renegotiated contract for the next 15 years, laying in their investment budgets for the construction of a new fleet. It would seem that the law is not retroactive, but the FAS insist on the development of competition. The main motive – improving the efficiency of the sector, increasing revenues to the state budget.

However, the proposed anti-monopoly measure to the industry and how it dovetails with the documents of strategic planning – the issue is very controversial. So, for example, the Strategy of spatial development of Russia intends to focus on "growth points" of each region and improve the living conditions of the population in the field, to stimulate the involvement of the population in the regions, not the outflow. National security strategy involves the conservation of the population on the outlying territories of the North and the Far East. Do we still have a forecast of socio – economic development, as well as the order of the President of the Russian Federation on support and development of small and medium business and cooperation.

For fishing enterprises, the quota on catch is essentially a tool for long-term business planning. The investment cycle in the industry on average 5-10 years to reach payback investment. And so it happened in the world and in Russia that a significant part of the fishing industry, is enterprises of small and average business, for which innovations Antimonopoly service – is a direct path to bankruptcy. Industrial Department in the person of the Ministry of agriculture and the Agency over the past years is already considered as the need of new vessels, made and details discussed with the fishermen which court and within what time frame fishing company built in Russian shipyards. The fishermen made their investment and production plans. Regarding the production of products for a manufacturer in a market economy, it is important to see the demand, to satisfy it, to be able to plan the proposal. This opportunity in the market, the FAS is trying small and medium-sized fishing business with his innovation to take away.

In Russia there is the problem of the Northern delivery, the outlying remote areas of the North and the Far East, which continues the Exodus. And if poselkoobrazuyuschim fishing enterprises will go out, the population will be unemployed and we will lose. But "competition is the engine of progress, auctions are a good Supplement to the budget," no other justification, analysis, and forecast possible consequences of the introduction of its novel FAS of the public is not presented. But auctions fishermen have passed, and this practice was negative. If the main goal is to build a new fleet, some foreign countries, the quota assigned to the vessel, but for this we need to alter to break the whole system of branch right. In this case, it is necessary to take into account the global trend - the surplus fleet and a reduction in resource. Whether as a result of such transformation of the industry model of several dozen large enterprises and large high-tech ships instead of destroying small and medium organisations – the big question. Sustainable is such a model for Russia? Or maybe still safer to leave the small? And who will be responsible for the consequences if the new model fails?

18 September in Moscow in Trading-industrial chamber of the Russian Federation was held all-Russia meeting of fishing collective farms (cooperatives), small and medium fisheries management organizations of the Russian Federation, whose members unanimously voted against the distribution of a part of quotas of extraction (catch) of the FBG of the formerly distributed according to historical principle", by auction. On the initiative of the FAS fishing community learned in August after taken in the summer session of the state Duma of the Law on the allocation of 50% share of the crab with the investment obligations through auctions.

Opening the meeting, Chairman of the Board of Rosrybolovstva Andrey Anufriev in his speech clearly stated that the burden in the form of weaning half of the volume of quotas of the enterprises of the Union will not pull, and it's not only fishing farms, but that of the small and medium business in the country. "As they say, is the farm - there is a village, no farm - no villages. We are the city-forming enterprise pulling the whole social sphere. People live there because there were born, lived and work",- said Andrey Anufriev.

"Behind this are people are the main resource in our industry, and we are United to this principle to maintain," - said the Deputy Chairman of the Board of Rosrybolovstva Peter Dzhunkovsky. He thanked the veterans in the industry for their principled stand and informed the audience that the Ministry of agriculture, Rosrybolovstvo, organizations such as VARPE, RSPP, regional legislative authorities of a number of coastal regions have expressed support for the preservation of "historical principle" in the industry. Peter Dzhunkovsky shared the situation in remote areas of the Khabarovsk territory, Kamchatka and the Arctic coast, where the enterprise Union and where the level of prices and tariffs significantly higher than in Central Russia, and for some products through the roof, while wages are very low, the population is decreasing. And yet, people arrange well territory, tend to live in normal conditions, hope for the best.

Concern over the situation was expressed by those invited to the meeting by the Deputy of the state Duma from the Khabarovsk Krai Boris Gladkikh (United Russia faction). "There is a question - improving the efficiency, profitability from the branches in the budget, all industries, and it can be viewed in different ways. Industry representatives look with his eyes, the regions his opinion, the government also takes the decision. The goal is to obtain maximum efficiency in the fishing industry, just at the stage of decision-making need to ensure that you have heard.

There are areas where competition is excessive, and not all areas can be measured by competition. Today, through competition we will get immediate income to the budget, but tomorrow it will entail the loss of the basic enterprises of the region, which provide the social component. Besides, there are investors who already have invested in the company, they promised to build, create jobs, and in fact if the investor will realize that the expectations can not be confirmed that the investor to do? He ceranet out to the maximum and will try as soon as possible to get out of this race. Investment in industry must be based on long-term programs aimed at creating more opportunities. Not all areas can be measured by the fact that there must be competition and the quick return to the budget, not just tax return you can get the effect, it is important to preserve life in these areas," - expressed his position as an MP.

A veteran of the fishing industry Vyacheslav zilanov pointed out that at present power is considered neither successful foreign experience and the traditions of the national fisheries, and also stressed that in any country except in Russia for the fish in the water do not charge, only with aliens.

Sharp criticism was made by the Chairman of the Board of inter-regional Association of coastal fishery in the Northern basin Valentin Balashov. He noted that quotas are in fact taken from the local population in favor of oligarchic structures, and that it comes will people live in their places or not? And who would dare to tell them - you are ineffective, you do not need us?

Solidarity with colleagues was expressed by the Chairman of the Board of the Kaliningrad regional Union of fishing collective farms Oleg Tverdokhleb: "- If 50% of the resource we have taken away, have half to cut workers, the income will fall by half, and we'll linger on the brink of life and death. If it is necessary to someone? If that gives the United States?" - questioned the representative of the fishing community. Oleg Tverdokhleb also gave an example that the Ministry of agriculture has developed a package of amendments, which is 5 times to the citizens of Kaliningrad increased pay for the resource. In connection with the situation Oleg Tverdokhleb urged to contact the authorities to impose a moratorium on all changes to legislation related to the allocation of quotas on the "historical principle", stating that this is a principled position. "We project ship ordered plan to build 14 ships, it turns out that these ships will be without a job? Conditions can be changed every year. Fishermen doubts should be dispelled in the near future. Why do we plan?", - outlined the principled position of the head of the regional Association.

The Chairman of the Subcommittee on fisheries of the RF CCI Committee for the development of agro-industrial complex Viktor Kurochkin stressed that the fishing community sees, first of all, unemployed people, the human factor, and the regulator sees volumes, profit, economic category. And this is including the fundamental difference of views.

Vice-President of NGO "Association of fishermen of Sakhalin" Vladimir Izmailov believes that in this case, the Government should oblige the FAS to give justification to their own initiative and be responsible for the consequences. From the FAS should be the analysis of the calculations and the consequences that would result from the auctions. According to the expert, fishermen in this situation, you may want to apply to the constitutional court, because they are deprived of the right to work and to the Supreme court, because changing the laws that stipulate the "rules of the game" for 15 years.

Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Sakhalin region Vitaly Gudin has supported Oleg Tverdohleb is that the real way out is the introduction of a moratorium for 15 years with practical experience monitoring in crab auctions. During this time, you can make the appropriate analysis and calculations. The main argument, which, according to Vitaly gudina is obliged to hear the power – that the companies of small and average business in the industry that Russian President Vladimir Putin urges to maintain and develop close.

The results were summarized by the Chairman of the Board of Rosrybolovstva Andrey Anufriev. The meeting reflected its position on the moratorium in the Decision of the Meeting and intend to bring this request to the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin. And also to inform about the position of the Government, the Ministry of agriculture, Rosrybolovstvo and the Legislative Assembly of the Russian Federation.

Anna Gornova

Tags: Sea policy

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