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Fishing farms today
Material posted: Gornova Anna M.Publication date: 06-03-2020

Traditions of domestic fisheries since 1959

Interview with Chairman of fishing collective farm "Druzhba" (Poronaysk, Sakhalin oblast). Andrey Leonidovich Dolgushin.

- Andrey Leonidovich, tell us about your company, it is now live trade, what goals and objectives you set for yourself?

- Our agricultural industrial cooperative fishing collective farm "Druzhba" - the only fishing collective farm in the Sakhalin region, which has remained since the Soviet times. The enterprise is socially significant for the area. This year, for two weeks of January after the holidays, they worked well and caught all his 100% volume of cod, now gonna sell it. Will continue to watch the weather and ice conditions – will catch herring, cucumaria for June, we are scheduled to Pollock. The salmon season will not be for 6 years pink salmon has passed us by. Reconstructed on the white salmon, also hope for summer and autumn salmon. Engaged in deep processing, we have your canning production - up to 100 tons per day raw material it is processed into canned more than 18 titles. Difficult times we had, when the new fishing rules was supposed to come out January 1, 2019, and they came in the month of July, had to slow down.

Interview with Chairman of fishing collective farm "Druzhba" (Poronaysk, Sakhalin oblast). Andrey Leonidovich Dolgushin.

- Andrey Leonidovich, tell us about your company, it is now live trade, what goals and objectives you set for yourself?

- Our agricultural industrial cooperative fishing collective farm "Druzhba" - the only fishing collective farm in the Sakhalin region, which has remained since the Soviet times. The enterprise is socially significant for the area. This year, for two weeks of January after the holidays, they worked well and caught all his 100% volume of cod, now gonna sell it. Will continue to watch the weather and ice conditions – will catch herring, cucumaria for June, we are scheduled to Pollock. The salmon season will not be for 6 years pink salmon has passed us by. Reconstructed on the white salmon, also hope for summer and autumn salmon. Engaged in deep processing, we have your canning production - up to 100 tons per day raw material it is processed into canned more than 18 titles. Difficult times we had, when the new fishing rules was supposed to come out January 1, 2019, and they came in the month of July, had to slow down.

- In areas where You catch, describe today the state of the environment and the resource base – which departed, arrived?

Our fishing area is the Gulf of Patience of the East-Sakhalin subzone. I since 1996, work at the plant, change the water in the Bay is very large. Early in the Gulf worked more than 40 pieces of finely tonnage of the fleet (our Mrsec) and all the stocks undermined the cod, the flounder, the entire resource. Later legal basis entered into the ODE, and those companies which worked on the Olympic system, they dropped out of this game. Now, in the Gulf we have just over 20 units in the fleet by almost 50% decreased. Over the past 10 years the herd navaga, flounder are quite good. Science 2020 at the East-Sakhalin subzone beginning to add volume. We have in production are the scientific staff of SakhNIRO. We are grateful to them for what they are doing a great job despite the lack of funding.

- Do you feel the climatic changes, global warming? Whether this climatic factor?

- Is. I live many years in Sakhalin, and if the snow was up to the second floor, now in January it sometimes rains. If earlier the difference in day and night temperatures were kept at about plus or minus 3-5 degrees, but now the difference is 10-15 degrees. Of course hydrological changes have occurred, some of the flow has changed, not casually gone to the salmon. What they say about poachers, Yes, but it is not important.

- And what scientists say, what predictions does the science?

- Science looks, of course, but we have a scientific staff mainly 3-4 years worked in and out, this is not enough time for evaluation for analysis of long-term cycles.

- And You as a Manager how usually plan their production for 3-5 years?

- Relative resource here for at least six months to navigate. At the end of the year every time science gives the volume a year, in fact we have a confirmed annual resource planning.

- Which fleet You have today in the economy?

- Our facility is located 9 units of light-duty fleet (like MPC-150, MPC-225), which was released on the Annunciation shipyard, they are relatively fresh, they have 8-10 years of experience. If we compare, in 2013 we built the boat. Lease it cost us 36 million. And today the same is worth 100 million roubles, such money it cost should not, of course. We also have one offshore and one coastal tug.

- Tell the story of Your business?

- Our enterprise collective farm "Druzhba" was organized from 7 small scale in 1959 year. To this day, we have those members who have worked more than 3 years, they can become members of the farm, are doing their share, work and benefit. Today we have 210 founders, the ownership of the collective farm, agricultural cooperative. Since 1959, 7 cooperatives were United in one farm, have fished, have purchased a small fleet, built garages, a network of dressmaking, began to develop the infrastructure. Today we are a socially important enterprise, help the district. Most importantly we have a local population of 320 people constantly and still to this Putin recruited seasonal from 100 to 200. It's all coastal fisheries.

- Your opinion concerning the normative legal base what are the problems faced?

For the last 2 years as legislation came in, what vessels are required to go on delivery to shore. After unloading already filled the magazine and is processing. All the fish goes through the Bank. The border guards have a job to do. One problem we had in respect to Instruction No. 5 on delivery of fish to shore, the coefficients in which have been prescribed from the Soviet era in 1992. And when came the new fishing Rules, these statements are not attached, came out of this side of the Border service claims in our direction. But I hope that this situation will soon be corrected.

- Your position in relation to the "historical principle" allocation of resource?

- Work continuously with the Soviet era to 1959, a vivid example of the historical principle in full. I would like the same attitude from the state in terms of resources. For the planning of the economy this factor is extremely important in it for us and the planning of economic activities and employment, development, upgrade fleet and settlement infrastructure. In the case of small enterprises in the fisheries throughout the world there priority is the principle of tradition. Fishing is what did all of our generation in our area. The history of Russia is evolved from such small small coastal farms. It is then the industry saw a major fishery.

- Feel the impact of digitalization?

- Almost no. Electronic field journal we can't use. We have the court do not cross the 12 mile zone, SSD is not served. For pribrezhki is not necessary. The crew of only 7 people, one captain in the wheelhouse. The Internet, when going out to sea, almost none. The volume is small. 2 tons of saffron cod caught, the part shipped to Moscow. To Moscow, our Sakhalin fish now carry cars in modern refrigerated containers within 20-25 days. Acceptance of measures in place all the settings and driven to distribution centres and from there to the stores. Tried the railway is not developed, it is difficult and long. The temperature conditions of transportation on the W/d are not met, it is possible to lose the entire batch, then another, you claim and write.

 

I interviewed the coordinator of the project "Marine policy"

Center for strategic assessments and forecasts

Anna Gornova

Source: https://www.fishnet.ru/news/novosti_otrasli/90245.html

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