Center for Strategic Assessment and forecasts

Autonomous non-profit organization

Home / Politics and Geopolitics / Sea policy / Articles
Transport week 2018: a brief overview of the industry of water transportation
Material posted: Publication date: 27-11-2018
On the background of the growth of port capacities, development of navigation on the Northern sea route, moving the main
cargo base on the river a portrait of the water industry by 2024 have significantly transformed
due to digitization, which opens up new opportunities, changing business models, the position of the market players and the cost of the final product. About it the speech went from 17 to 22 November in Moscow, in Gostiny Dvor in the framework of the largest annual international forum and exhibition "Transport week 2018". This year the leitmotif of the business program became the digitalization of transport.

"Our mission is to create a single digital platform of the transport complex. A single, secure space with the service at one window. In fact, will create a green corridor digital. Fast and efficient clearance and passage of goods using electronic navigational fillings, infrastructure "Paton" and GLONASS. A convenient preliminary information on goods through electronic document management and electronic bill of lading. Accelerated passage of goods at the checkpoints – all this will provide new mobility. We expect that for businesses to be available multi-modal exchange of freight traffic, and for passengers - a full-fledged e-ticket," - said in his speech, the Minister of transport of the Russian Federation Eugene Dietrich.

In the framework of the sectoral conference "Sea and river transport - system element of trunk infrastructure," the Russian presidential aide Igor Levitin has listed the problems of the water industry, which is necessary to carry out work on the bugs. In particular, in the South by 2004, the railway was built to the port near Astrakhan, but the port failed. Caspian court need large capacity to transport large number of vehicles. That of Caspian agreement, which will offer options for new models of transport will dominate in the Caspian sea.

On the Black sea, according to Igor Levitin, today is built the most modern, in terms of technology and ecology, the port of Taman. "The private port. Than it is interesting? He will take the court of maximum occupancy, which pass through the Bosphorus. We have no such port on the Black sea has not yet been" - said the assistant to the President.

"The Northern sea route. You know that there is an order of 80 million tonnes. Sabetta, of course, have to take a significant amount of these goods," - said Levitin.

Deputy Minister of transport, head of the Federal Agency of Maritime and river transport, Yuri Tsvetkov reminded of the may presidential decree, which defines the development objectives of the country until 2024, which set three key objectives in the field of Maritime and river transport: to increase the capacity of sea ports, to achieve the performance of traffic along the Northern sea route to 80 million tons, increase the capacity of inland waterways. To address these challenges the government developed and approved a comprehensive plan of expansion and modernization of infrastructure.

Next, Yuri Tsvetkov moved on to maintaining guaranteed depths in inland waterways that make up about 100 thousand kilometers. "The goal for 6 years to eliminate these limiting areas, which will allow us to increase the capacity of inland waterways by 55 million tons. For these purposes it is planned to construct a number of waterworks is the waterworks of Nizhny Novgorod, Bagaevskiy waterworks. To carry out some maintenance and dredging work. To build a specialized fleet – including a powerful excavator. What will we do? A powerful impetus to the territory development, business development,"- said Deputy Minister of transport.

The gradual introduction of a comprehensive transport and economic balance in the country is to overcome unequal competition conditions of inland water transport with other modes of transport

Launched several large-scale industrial projects in the Arctic. Today, transportation on the Northern sea route came to the figure of 15 million tons. Including 500 thousand tons is transit. The most important project is the "Arctic LNG 2", which provides "NOVATEK". That it must provide 50% of shipments from 80 million tons in the presidential decree.

Among the main tasks and challenges of the Maritime industry have been identified: upgrading the icebreaker fleet, the construction of multipurpose salvage vessels, the upgrade of the hydrographic and lockmasters fleet.

Among the factors on which the Russian fleet losing the competition to foreigners, the audience called the lack of access to financial resources (credit rate in foreign banks under the renewal of the fleet is 2-4%, which is comparable with the Russian tanks), as well as administrative barriers.

According to the CEO of PAO "Sovcomflot" Sergey Frank, in the near future in the Arctic will unfold is not a competition for shipowners and competition systems check fleet financing systems of the fleet.

Much has been said about LNG. "The Arctic, safety and environment go together. We believe that gas is the fuel of the future. I think that our financial institutions with the regulator to discuss and "green" financing, because it is not an idle question, they need to seriously address. By going this route now, our shipbuilders. The "Star" maximized manufacturing "green" "Aframaxes". We recently here the series is extended. Hope to get into operation the first vessel from the "Star" in 2021" - said Sergey Frank.

Sergei Frank said that the transition to natural gas will allow us to fit both into force of new environmental standards and future restrictions on CO2 emissions and greenhouse gases in Maritime transport.

Serial production of "green" tankers already deployed in Russia's shipbuilding capacity SSK Zvezda, OOO (Primorsky Krai). Commissioning of the first tanker of LNG is planned in 2022.

During the business program of Transport Week at the enlarged meeting of the consumer Council on the activities of the FSUE "Rosmorport" General Director of FSUE Rosmorport Andrey Lavrischev told about the preparation for the corporatization of FSUE Rosmorport, to its transformation into a joint stock company. "The relevant draft law passed its first debate in the Federal bodies of Executive power. The law provides for the reorganization of the FSUE "Rosmorport" with certain restrictions", - said Andrey Lavrischev. Limitations are due to the specific nature of individual infrastructure of ports, which are in Federal ownership and are not subject to alienation in private property, as having a special status. These objects include objects of a control system of movement of vessels, objects of port infrastructure necessary for the functioning of global marine systems and others. "In our opinion, the form of Joint stock Companies will allow Rosmorport become more flexible and comfortable to interact, will enhance the efficiency of decision-making and will not violate the interests of the state for the preservation of Federal property. Similar legal mechanisms have been previously used in the conduct of structural changes in Rosatom and rostec, as well as in the corporatization of FSUE "Mail of Russia", - summed up Director General of Rosmorport.

Head of Directorate of the Northern sea route and the head of state Corporation "Rosatom" Vyacheslav Ruksha told about high-speed modes of transportation in the Arctic: "We first regained their knowledge in high-power electric propulsion. Instead the French company "Convertin" electric propulsion delivers Krylovskogo center with RUSELPROM. Expensive and bulky loads you can't drive with a speed of 1-2 site. In the Arctic, at least in the Kara sea, the average of the speeds must be supported, in my opinion, at the level of 10-12 knots. And then we come to the more serious and more stringent requirement on the adequacy of the icebreaker support, which we are doing today. We consider, of course, icebreakers to natural gas, but I want to note that in the Arctic, with a capacity of less than 40 megawatts today to do nothing. Needs to be a powerful icebreaker, capable of providing high-speed mode", - said Vyacheslav Ruksha

 On the bunkering market in the world shipping said Deputy energy Minister Pavel Sorokin. "If we look at the bunkering market in Russia is 13 million tons. Of these, 10 million tons is oil. And most of the manufacturers already have the ability to produce low-sulphur marine fuel. Part will blindasabat. That is, create the installation brendirovanie much easier than completely re-Orient the production. But in General we think that the use of fuel oil will fall by about two times, and the cost brendirovannogo fuel with low sulfur content will increase dramatically. How will this actually be administered - time will tell. But I think that problems with it will not arise - this forecast was voiced by Paul Sorokin.

The Deputy head of the Ministry reported about the stimulus package. According to him, within the framework of the tax maneuver, which from 1 January will work, provided the additional cost is a small prize for each tonne of marine fuel with low sulphur content in the Baltic basin, and the far East. Moreover, in the far East, this Supplement will be more because additional investments are required.

"As for LNG bunkering, I think that this is the future. First, it is environmentally friendly, and secondly, gas are available in very large volume in the world. And with the development of infrastructure is going to be an increasingly popular form of bunkering. We study now what additional measures are needed to answer the business developed. Because in the current format somewhere in the 1.5-2 million tons of LNG bunkering will be in Russia in 15-17 years. Of course, the potential is much greater," said Pavel Sorokin.

Anna Gornova

RELATED MATERIALS: Politics and Geopolitics