Opening the meeting, Chairman of the Expert Council and the head of JSC "OSK" Alexei Rakhmanov remarked that the agenda of this meeting are important not only for shipbuilders but also for related industries.
The participants discussed amendments to the Code of merchant shipping in terms of expanding the concept of "cabotage", which is read in the State Duma. It was noted that the bill will help to breathe new life into the development of the Northern sea route and provide additional cargo base for Russian air carriers. While we are talking only about the waters of the SMP. Managed to balance the interests of shipbuilders and cargo interests.
"It is expected that there will be some redistribution of coastal shipping in favour of the Russian shipowners and vessel operators. We have long advocated the introduction in the country of a mode of support of domestic shipbuilding, and the bill is only the beginning of the chain changes. We assume that this should be followed by the decision of the state of stimulation of construction on the Russian shipyards. This will significantly expand opportunities for the domestic shipping and shipbuilding companies, will lead to an increase in construction orders in Russia. I hope that in 5-6 years we will have enough ships to operate on the Northern sea route. It was very important to concentrate shipping and shipbuilding together," - said Alexey Rakhmanov.
Deputy Minister of transport of the Russian Federation – head of Federal Agency of sea and river transport Viktor Olersky drew attention to the new trends of the time, including a large amount of work on the continental shelf, the use of special protectionist measures and the importance of establishing a comfortable marine environment of ship owners, who become customers of a new modern fleet.
The Chairman of the Russian national fleet support movement Mikhail Nenashev said that companies that build and develop the shipbuilding enterprises in the regions should receive preferential treatment in these regions, not confrontation and literally "spoke in the wheel".
Discussing the preparation of the bill № 261318-7 "On procurement of goods, works, services by separate types of legal entities" (in terms of coordination with the coordinating body of the Government of the Russian Federation), the experts considered the situation to be changed in the direction of import substitution. So, on average, every year the Russian ship-owners and customers of marine services spend 3 to 5 billion dollars in purchases abroad. Freight foreign vessels Russian owners annually spend about 100 billion dollars. The bill requires companies with state participation more than 50% of the share capital to buy vessels at Russian shipyards. The scope and area of application of this law will determine the Government. Participants were in favour of extending this measure in the future for everyone who enjoys the rents and transports natural resources.
Deputy Director of Department of shipbuilding industry and marine equipment of the Ministry of industry and trade of the Russian Federation Nikolai Shablikov noted that in the legislation the list of persons for mandatory consultation with the Government extended the child entities of state-owned companies. However, the issue will affect not only the procurement of ships, but also services using foreign vessels.
The criterion "Made in Russia" in shipbuilding now is:
- At the moment: Assembly operations, where at least 30% of marine equipment produced in Russia;
- From 1 January 2020 to 40% of a complex of marine equipment produced in Russia;
- From 2022 to 50%.
Be classified in all kinds of technological ship equipment will according to international standards.
During the meeting we were talking about the investment quotas for fishing vessels. "For the first time the industry agreed with our customers, and we introduced the percentage for ships being built at Russian shipyards. The goal was primarily to users of aquatic bioresources thought to develop domestic production, because initially they said that it should be 100% foreign content. We conducted an analysis of the equipment that is used on fishing vessels in real time and show them the direction where to move now the global industry", - said the representative of the Ministry of industry and trade.
The Ministry of industry and trade announced its plans, which the Ministry intends to go towards granting pre-emptive rights and create different preferences for vessels built at Russian shipbuilding enterprises, including a recycling grant, subsidies and other incentive measures.
In conclusion, the Chairman of the Expert Council and the head of the USC Alexey Rakhmanov announced the strategic goal of Russian shipbuilders - access to foreign market with competitive price. "China is only about 15% of the fleet built for himself, all the rest - for export. The competitiveness of Russian shipbuilding is not in the country, it in foreign markets. If we understand what can do, consequently we will succeed. Then we can assume that we did everything right".
Alexey Rakhmanov has addressed the issue of development of robotics. "Today there are samoshvatyvayuscheysya self-propelled vessels that operate on lines, which can operate in remote areas. We are talking about modern principles of vessel traffic. Let's develop new technologies, and the old ban. We must go forward: new fuels, technology is our future. If the shipbuilding industry today is iron, then tomorrow is electronics. Those who do not understand, will gradually and inevitably losing the market", - concluded the head of the USC.
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