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Viktor Pavlenko about the revival in Russia of traditions of the pilotage service
Material posted: Gornova Anna M.Publication date: 17-03-2020
Pilotage service is harmoniously integrated into the system of national security States. During pilotage the pilot performed a public function and protect the national interests of the country. A pilot that is produced bythe cookies in the ports and on the approaches to them, in areas difficult maneuverof funding, complex navigational inherently government services at the expense of the shipowner, which shall pay pilotage dues, one of a dozen mandatory port fees. The main objective limanskih services worldwide is the navigational safety and smooth conduct ofyou ports. On this account the relevant IMO Resolution A.159, A.960 and recommendations of the internationalx pilot organizations.

Pilotage service is harmoniously integrated into the system of national security States. During pilotage the pilot performed a public function and protect the national interests of the country. A pilot that is produced bythe cookies in the ports and on the approaches to them, in areas difficult maneuverof funding, complex navigational inherently government services at the expense of the shipowner, which shall pay pilotage dues, one of a dozen mandatory port fees. The main objective limanskih services worldwide is the navigational safety and smooth conduct ofyou ports. On this account the relevant IMO Resolution A.159, A.960 and recommendations of the internationalx pilot organizations.

Lurmanskoe software not is the subject of the business. Taking the decision, the pilot needs to be free from the influence of commercial factors. Rwalking down market competition a number oftheir pilot organizations in one port all over the world recognized as adversely affecting the safenavigation of the spine. Similarg Morcal pilots at airports - air traffic controllers, who assist the commanders of the aircraft during the takeoff and landingare the workerAMI of the state Corporation.

Currently under consideration in the State Duma the bill № 889303-7 "On amendments to the merchant shipping Code", the purpose of which is to create in Russia a unified state pilotage service. About the problems in the system a pilot system in Russia and purpose of the draft law the Russian newspaper said one of its authors is a member of the Federation Council from the Arkhangelsk region Viktor Pavlenko.

"The bill was on the agenda of the relevant Committee of the state Duma on transport, on 3 March, where it was decided to request the transport Ministry and other ministries, it was all determined for two weeks. And right now this process is in full swing. Therefore, I believe it is very important to convey the essence of the objective of the pilot issue to a wider audience and parliamentarians. In this area the need for fundamental change.

In Russia 67 seaports, of which 15 most profitable settled private pilotage company, which, according to expert estimates, about 500 million rubles annually flowing out of the safety of navigation in the pockets of private individuals. At the same time, annual losses for pilotage activities of FGUP Rosmorport is approximately equal to this amount, and also amount to hundreds of millions of rubles. Pilotage in the competitive market, which left the entire world. There are no regulatory requirements for pilotage organizations, violated art 86, 88, etc. KTM of the Russian Federation, there is no fixing this state's responsibilities for a specific organization, standards and licensing of pilot organizations is not, in effective state control, too. The consequence of all this - the lack of specialized pilot boats, reducing the quality of training a pilot composition further with all the ensuing consequences. Appeared willing to turn a pilot software in the market business. To fix the list and bringing a pilot system in Russia to international standards and obligations, and sent a bill.

Private pilotage companies began to emerge in us since 2005, and today they are little more than 20 exclusively in the profitable segment of pilotage. The reason for their appearance was the failure within 15 years the second part of the Decision of the constitutional court dated 06/04-2004 n 7-P, prescribing to regulate the activities of non-governmental organizations on pilotage of vessels, which at the time of its adoption, all were non-commercial. In the world practice a pilot of the service are either a state or organized on the principle of Self Employеd Pilot – non-profit, controlled by pilots who are under the law exercise their obligations for the provision of pilotage services. We have the same legal vacuum was not slow to take advantage of, and perhaps intends it formed, the owners of private pilotage companies that are still trying to put an equal sign between "nonprofit" and "private for profit" organizations.

Today, the situation brought to the absurd. The owners of private pilotage companies and their representatives are treated in different organizations are asked to protect their "small business", and this despite the fact that pilot support in itself is not a business, it is a state service and public function. We are trying to replace the principle pilotage service principle of Commerce, to divide the pilot corps of the country on the "public" and "private" pilots, to drown the problem in endless protracted for more than 15 years of discussion. In private companies, pilots do not have the right to Association, the word-versus-host and you're behind. Keep high salaries in exchange for silence. Modern Rules on occupational safety of the pilots there. The situation is virtually out of control. In this matter the necessary political will and determination. With the introduction of the State Duma of this bill I have received letters of support from pilots, who have hope that the situation is changing for the better.

And now to basics. The tradition of pilotage service in Russia has more than 400 years, and it began with pilots in Arkhangelsk, Arkhangelsk pilotage service. We are very proud of it and at the end of last year opened a monument to our pilots in Arkhangelsk. With this strong Foundation, dedicated to our pilots, I propose to begin the revival in Russia of traditions of pilotage service. The status of the state pilotage service today in Norway, Sweden, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Greece, the leader of the world economy and China etc. the adoption of the bill it is proposed to organize the means pilotage self-sufficient, well-equipped and transparently administrarea pilot service.

Haters trying to slow down the bill, fearing that with the cessation of the activities of private pilotage companies will have to get into the pocket of the state budget. Dispel these doubts. Encroach on the state budget, those who allow to be the current system, in which owners of private pilotage companies skim with pilotage in its profitable segment, and state the organization has to subsidize the unprofitable ports, i.e., add the funds that flow away from profitable ports in the pockets of private persons – opponents of this bill. In this part of the pilotage through the inflated costs deposited in affiliated companies, and partially returned in the form of a "bonus" to loyal agents. The current system is the best in the country 20, maximum of 40 businessmen of small and average business, and the imbalance and the risks are huge. The time has come to establish effective and transparent management. Look at the neighboring Finland, where the level of cover the costs of pilotage fee varies between the ports 9 times the lowest 25%, highest is 216%. The state pilot service in Finland Finpilot effectively provides all of pilotage, pilotage dues redistributes to the loss-making ports and did not apply for a grant to the state.

And in Russia we have the value of a pilot of the collection as a whole in recent years is sufficient to provide the necessary expenses for the provision of pilotage services in all ports. But private pilotage companies that 1/3 of pilotage services, only cost-effective, get the same amount of pilotage dues as the FSUE "Rosmorport", providing 2/3 of the pilotage services, and virtually all unprofitable. In figures it looks so: 2017- 1 668 018/1 607 712; 2018– 1 971 068/1 728 291; 2019– 1 784 532/2 020 726 (RUB thousand), respectively, private pilot/ company Federal state unitary enterprise "Rosmorport". This clearly suggests that the provision of pilotage of all ships in sea ports of Russia, unified state pilotage organization will not require budgetary financing, even at the initial stage.

For example, a pilot problem, I note, functions of the state and business it is time to clearly separate as is done in successful market economies with high living standards. This will allow Russia to do the claimed breakthrough is to reduce the corruption, to get away from the muddy legislation, administrative complexity, double standards and double the budget."


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