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Vladimir Kabanov-On the problem of organizing pilotage support in Russian ports
Material posted: Gornova Anna M.Publication date: 15-10-2020
Why a pilot government agencies are losing billions of rubles, says the Chairman of the Interregional trade Union of pilots, the pilot of the port of Saint-Petersburg, captain Vladimir Kabanov.

According to the Union of Pilots of Russia, today the state pilotage service has become unprofitable and bears heavy financial losses. There has been talk about losses since 2008, some time after the formation of private pilotage services. At the same time, such a result is not at all a consequence of competition between state and commercial structures.

Having received at first, after the relevant decision of the Ministry of Transport in 2004, a profitable pilot service of FSUE Rosmorport, four years later found himself in a completely different situation. According to our calculations, from 2008 to 2014, the total loss of FSUE Rosmorport for pilotage activities amounted to about 4 billion rubles. The current situation continues the current trend.

Why is this happening? The problem of losses of Rosmorport for pilotage activities has been discussed by pilots since its appearance. At first glance, everything looks simple.

In addition to FSUE "Rosmorport", since 2005, private pilotage companies have been providing pilotage, which appeared by turnout in ports. At the same time, the reality is that Rosmorport has begun to cede the right to carry out pilotage activities to private owners.

It is obvious that the expenses of a pilotage organization for pilotage of a vessel practically do not depend on the size of the vessel, while the income is directly proportional to the size of the vessel. The larger the vessel, the greater the income. Therefore, private pilotage organizations appear where it is possible to carry out pilotage, in order to make a profit, mainly large large-tonnage vessels - huge cruise liners, tankers, bulk carriers or container ships. But since the Ministry of Transport establishes areas where pilotage is mandatory, the state enterprise Rosmorport is forced to carry out pilotage of all vessels, including a large number of small, unprofitable vessels.

In fact, the causes of losses lie much deeper. We pilots can name some of the main ones.

One of the main causes of losses is irresponsibility. Losses are the result of the actions of specific people. And if these specific people, whose activities result in these multibillion-dollar losses, do not bear any responsibility, then the losses are reproduced, if only because they are directly related to the profits of private pilot companies. If the pilotage rates are calculated correctly so as to recoup all the necessary costs of the pilotage service, then the greater the losses of FSUE Rosmorport, the greater the profits of private pilotage companies. This suggests a conclusion: first of all, the owners of private organizations for pilotage are interested in the losses of FSUE "Rosmorport" for pilotage activities.

Of course, one of the main causes of losses is incorrectly calculated rates of pilotage. For example, in the port of Kaliningrad, the rates of pilotage from ships are much lower than in other ports. And at such rates, it is not possible to organize pilotage activities in the port profitably. These rates were also calculated by very specific people.

Another of the main causes of losses is the failure of the Russian Government to comply with IMO Resolution A.960(23). For some reason, the government is not able to organize competent pilotage authorities in the country, which should be responsible for the quality of pilot training, for the correctness of the calculation of pilotage rates, and for losses if such occur.

But, in my opinion, the main reason for the losses is the lack of social partnership prescribed by Part 2 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation. Neither representatives of FSUE Rosmorport nor representatives of the Ministry of Transport want to conduct an equal dialogue with representatives of pilots. Perhaps because they do not want to, because they do not want to identify the persons responsible for these losses.

In the meantime, pilots and other employees of pilotage services are paying for losses, whose salary could have been significantly higher if these losses had not been.

Based on the materials of the information media portal "Sea and Space

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