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Barrier to China In the "blue economy" BRICS Russia moves away from commodity exports
Material posted: Gornova Anna M.Publication date: 04-10-2017
Consideration by the state Duma in the first reading in fact purely technical amendments to the fisheries act caused a second wave debate on coastal fisheries, reports IA REGNUM. A year ago, the notion of "coastal fishing" has undergone a significant change — it excludes the possibility of freezing of catch. On the one hand, can be traced to the lobby of processors, the benefit of which say 5% of investcom, and the additional possibility of annual increases of quotas in the form of a multiplying factor for those who will take the catches to land-based plants in fresh and chilled form proposed by the Ministry of agriculture. However, not all is clear, where will these additional volumes, for example, in the Kaliningrad region, in fact, the quota is not in the Crimea. The law and raise a wave of discussion, the amendment focused mainly on the far East which gives more than 70% of Russia's annual catch.


The main objective of state actions in the fishing industry, the head of Rosrybolovstvo Ilya Shestakov invariably calls attracting investment to this industry. According to Ministry's estimates, the investment volume according to the results of the implementation of the law is estimated at more than 200 billion rubles. Of course, a good increase in the investment portfolio of the Far East on the principle of "quotas in exchange for investments".

Who will benefit from the innovations? The situation in the industry says REGNUM news Agency, the coordinator of the project "Marine policy" Center for strategic estimates and projections Anna Gornova:

"Adopted by the state Duma in the autumn in the first reading the bill — actually an amendment, purely technical, however its discussion in the Duma stirred the second wave of discussions on coastal fisheries. If you reconstruct the sequence of events in October 2015, Russian President Vladimir Putin held a state Council meeting on the development of the fisheries industry, the results of which came a list of instructions. The main accents in them were investuoti and development of the country's onshore processing. The result of the implementation of the instructions of the state Council was adopted in July 2016 "fatal" for the fishing industry, Federal law No. 349-FZ, improving the distribution of quotas of extraction (catch) of water biological resources.
Discussion of coastal fisheries was up to the last moment. As a result of the concepts of coastal fisheries has ruled out the possibility of delivery of catches in frozen form. At the same time in another article of the basic law on fisheries and conservation of aquatic biological resources (FBG) frost is left is a purely technical mistake, the law was adopted at the end of the summer session, time to hurry. Now preparing for the second reading of a bill that eliminates the contradiction.

With the exception of the possibility of freezing of the catches in the coastal fishery, the state plans to prevent the leakage of our fish for processing abroad, especially in neighboring Far East China, and consequently, more fish will go to our onshore plants, therefore, value-added products will be produced domestically. In the last few years the deputies complained about the processors on nedozagruzki their businesses due to high cost of raw materials, especially many of the complaints from Murmansk, they say, the fish goes abroad, creating shortages on the domestic market, respectively, and uncomfortable for the procurement processors prices.

But the fishermen, after all, no matter to whom to sell their catch, there is a market. Foreigners give more favorable market conditions for fishermen — in the beginning given money for the voyage, then the fisherman has gone, caught, passed, and already equips the ship in a new flight. Fisherman no worries with equipment of the flight, then with the delivery of fish to a rigid schedule of supply in the network, and then another, and with the expectation of money after the implementation. From refiners and others who wish to buy catches from the fishermen in this respect is much more complicated. The market is the market. In addition, in the 90s and then there are many joint ventures with foreigners who invested in joint ventures their vessels, processing equipment and supplies in exchange for Russian raw materials.

Today one of the most promising from the point of view of economic and political cooperation experts call for BRICS, aimed at the development of his so-called "blue economy", meaning the implementation of the resource, transportation and territorial potential of the ocean. It is a modern and promising global trend, profitable and Russia. Each of the BRICS implements in the "blue economy" its national interest. And Russia as source of raw materials, in this case fish, for Chinese factories already sees. The government is trying to get away from it. On the contrary, in the "blue economy" Russia will develop its ports, its Islands and coastal areas, your far East. Construction of modern fish processing enterprises is an important component of this task. In this case, we see a consistent movement of the state in this direction. In the "blue economy" BRICS, Russia should move away from commodity exports.

Let me remind you that amendments to the coastal fisheries in the summer of 2016 were accepted in the package of the whole complex of measures. Flows rerouted to fish on the shore, stimulated the construction of modern coastal industries, stimulated by this mechanism increase the quota by using a multiplying factor + 20% to the assimilated volume quotas.

In 2018 the industry will be the fixing of quotas for a further period of 15 years. Amendments to "pribrezhki" enter into force with 1 January 2019. Before the state Council and its results conducted a comprehensive analysis of the fishing industry. Were identified dependence on foreign influence. Our far Eastern fish, and that more than 70% of the national catch, mostly frozen right at sea and goes straight for processing to other countries, creating added value and jobs. Along our borders in China and built many processing enterprises for this purpose. Same with mariculture. 70 km from Zarubino port, in the Chinese border city of Hunchun dozens of fish processing plants operate mostly on Russian raw materials. The Chinese are showing interest in the implementation of the project of transport corridor "Primorye-2" (Hunchun — Zarubino) to get access to the Russian water bioresources and to optimize their delivery to their fish processing enterprises."


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