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COVID-19 in Japan
Material posted: Publication date: 21-04-2020
Pandemic coronavirus 2019-20 years spread to Japan in early January 2020 from China. Japan was the second country to report a confirmed case of coronavirus outside of China.

The first case of infection by coronavirus in Japan was 16 was January 2020.

Earlier in Japan, was recorded the third largest number of cases of coronavirus in the world outside China, and most of them happened on the cruise liner Diamond Princess. On Board of the cruise liner killed 10 people.

On April 12, 2020 in Japan recorded 6 748 cases of infection with coronavirus. In recent days the number of infected grew by 743 people.

The total number of deaths from the coronavirus in Japan is 108 people. In the active phase of the disease are 5878 man, 99 of them in critical condition. The fatality rate is 1.61%.

Confirmed cases of complete cure from the virus to 12.04.2020 in Japan is 762

Development timeline of a pandemic coronavirus Covid-19 in Japan

The chart shows the values of the confirmed cases of infection with coronavirus Covid-19 in Japan by days from the start of collection of official statistical information.

* Zero values indicate no data

Map of the spread of coronavirus in Japan

How Japan is fighting pandemic coronavirus?

At first glance it seems that in Tokyo the ideal conditions for the spread of the epidemic: huge density of population, the center of origin of the coronavirus - China is very close. Why in the 126-million-strong country, even fewer cases than in the small Korea?

– First, the key role played by features of the Japanese mentality. Fanatical discipline, responsibility to others – the descendants of the samurai does not need a reminder about the need for isolation or hygiene. The government has instructed the people to carefully execute.

Second, Tokyo was one of the first full picture of the disease. The one liner "diamond Princess" with almost three thousand people on Board stood up in quarantine just off the coast of Yokohama. Drugs and physicians for vehicle maintenance provided by the Japanese. They all of February observed and analyzed. By March 1, when the "Diamond Princess" was discharged last passengers, Japan was already a huge experience in the treatment of coronavirus, and isolation and disinfection of infected premises.

Thirdly, there is the usual quarantine measures, which are simply carefully executed. In addition, immediately all were given the opportunity to work with remote access, banned gatherings. Thanks to the discipline of self-isolation became really popular and successful.

The softest state of emergency in the world?

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe declared a state of emergency in Tokyo and 6 prefectures, for a month to 6 may. We are talking about the prefectures of Kan-gawa, Chiba, Osaka, Hyogo, Fukuoka, and Saitama. But only in the prefectures of Tokyo and Osaka recorded an alarming increase in the number of cases of coronavirus, the medical centers have reached a critical point of congestion. The authorities of these regions will be able to take additional measures to prevent the disease. Including possible school closures, limit events, and other public facilities.

The Prime Minister asked citizens to stay home and only go out for important things: to work, to shop, to walk to maintain health. According to him, it is very important by 80% to reduce contact with other people. Then there is hopethat two weeks will be at its peak, and then the pandemic will decline. The government asked to close bars, entertainment centers and entertainment venues. They were largely centres of infection. Those companies will refuse to comply with these instructions may not be called to account under the law. But they are waiting for more punishment rather "scary" in Japanese concepts — names napocensia companies will be made public.

In Japan legally impossible to order people not to go outside. All hope is not on fines, but on the Japanese mentality. Of course, there are violators. But for the most part the Japanese are obedient and do people on the streets and in the city centre has become much smaller.

Transport, supermarkets, banks in Japan work. Many cafes are working only on delivery. The government will also provide assistance to families in Japan who are in need and in financial hardship because of the pandemic. This is about 20% of the population.

According to the Japanese, now it is the most difficult time for the country since the Second world war.

Tokyo 2020: the Olympic and Paralympic games have been postponed in connection with the distribution of Covid-19

24 March 2020, it was announced that the Summer Olympic games 2020, which was held in Tokyo from 24 July to 8 August, will be postponed to the summer of 2021.

The Olympics will continue to be called Tokyo 2020, despite the fact that it would take place in 2021.

The Paralympic games, which were to commence on 24 August 2020, will now take place from August 24 to September 5, 2021.

The International Olympic Committee President Thomas Bach said: "I am confident that, working together with the organising Committee for Tokyo 2020, the Tokyo government, the Japanese government and all our stakeholders, we will be able to cope with this unprecedented challenge.

"Humanity is currently trapped in a dark tunnel. Olympic games in Tokyo 2020 can be the light at the end of the tunnel".

The decision to postpone both events was taken to protect the health of athletes and all participants, as well as to prevent further spread of the virus Covid-19.

The new date was adopted in accordance with the calendar of global sporting events, which also suffered significant changes in connection with the spread of the coronavirus.

The organizers of the Olympic games hope that the porting will give me enough time to complete the qualification process, which will follow the same measures on mitigation, is scheduled for 2020.

Earlier it was confirmed that all athletes who qualify, and distributed at the moment, the quota will remain unchanged.

Organizers previously confirmed that purchased tickets will be valid on the dates of postponed events, and can also be requested refund.

March 24, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said that the Games will be in "full form" not later than the summer of 2021.

The President of the organizing Committee of the 2020 Tokyo Yoichiro Mori said that he offered the IOC as the period for the Olympic games, the days from 23 July to 8 August, and Bach agreed after consultation with international sports federations.

"For the selection and training of athletes and their training and preparation requires a certain amount of time, so it was agreed that it would be preferable to the holding of the postponed Games during the summer holidays in Japan," said Mori.

Earlier in March, Bach said that the postponement of Games will be "worth a lot". At the moment the preparations for the Games have already cost at least 10 billion pounds.

For the first time in 124 year history of the modern Olympic games were postponed, although this was the case cancelled in 1916 due to First world war and again in 1940 and 1944 during the Second world war. Boycotts during the cold war was reflected at the summer Games in Moscow and Los Angeles in 1980 and 1984, respectively.

Pandemic — impact on the Japanese economy

The effect of coronavirus on the Japanese economy is gaining new momentum with each passing day.

China import and export flows are suspended. It hit hard on Japan, because the potential of the state as a small resourcecapacity in connection with the specific geographic location.

The emphasis on this trait of the Japanese people, as discipline. But in the end, on 8 April, still had to declare a state of emergency in seven prefectures. Despite the traditional Japanese desire to work wherever, most of the companies in February decided on the transition to remote mode , the school was closed. Currently, the average Japanese stock is kept confident, however, many companies Express their concern about the situation on the Tokyo stock exchange in the near future.

Also Japan suffered heavy loss due to the closure of borders as cancelled trips associated with the Olympics. Moreover, the main blow fell on the sector of Chinese tourists, because Japan is among the ten most popular places among the Chinese who love to travel.

One of the strong economic ties between Japan and China is the economic sector associated with the production of art. In other words, the longer work of the Chinese factories, the more it will affect the economy of Japan. The Japanese government has already sent 108 trillion yen to support the economy amid the pandemic and has written off debts to companies that suffered losses due to the coronavirus.

The forecast peak of the pandemic coronavirus Japan

Some scientists, based on the patterns currently known cases of infection, it is believed that the peak of the pandemic will probably be in July-August 2020. In addition, they came to several conclusions about the situation with coronavirus in Japan:

  • the size of the epidemic is less likely to be depend on the speed of detection of the actual infected population;
  • intervention (that is, the measures taken by the state) has a positive effect on the delay of the peak of the epidemic;
  • intervention over a relatively long period is necessary for effective reduction of the final size of the epidemic.

Sources

  1. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/liveblogs/news/coronavirus-outbreak-updates/
  2. https://yandex.ru/turbo?text=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.kp.ru%2Fdaily%2F27112.4%2F4188994%2F
  3. https://yandex.ru/turbo?text=https%3A%2F%2Fen.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2F2020_coronavirus_pandemic_in_Japan
  4. https://coronavirus-monitor.ru/
  5. https://yandex.ru/turbo?text=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.kp.ru%2Fdaily%2F27112.4%2F4188994%2F
  6. https://www.bbc.com/japanese/52199465
  7. https://www.bbc.com/japanese/52020509
  8. https://www.bbc.com/japanese/52093557
  9. https://yandex.ru/turbo?text=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.vesti.ru%2Fdoc.html%3Fid%3D3254499
  10. https://yandex.ru/turbo?text=https%3A%2F%2Fria.ru%2F20200410%2F1569865391.html
  11. https://zen.yandex.ru/media/prtbrt/voshod-kitaiskogo-turizma-kak-i-kuda-edut-kitaicy-i-chtoeto-znachit-dlia-ostalnogo-mira-5aeb10134826773d1f54f20b
  12. https://yandex.ru/turbo?text=https%3A%2F%2Ftass.ru%2Fekonomika%2F8103719
  13. https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/9/3/789

Prepared group of students 2 course Imoen gr. 1-18-5 (Vovnenko Alexander, Hanishina Anastasia, Anastasia Lyamkina, Maslyanskoe Anna, Ekaterina Novozhilova)

Source: http://rabkor.ru/columns/analysis/2020/04/21/covid-19_in_japan/


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