The relationship between powers and the state with neighbouring countries constituted the basis of its international relations. Under the influence of historical memory and a real modern ties foreign policy and strategic goals of all countries are interlinked and intertwined in the international system and form a complex network of large-scale relations as lines on the family tree.
On 4 November at the International forum "dialogue with the world" in 2017, hosted by Phoenix New Media, the international analytical center Phoenix New Media for the first time presented a strategic scheme, "genealogical relationship" between the countries. Very simple model created by using the techniques of visualization and from the point of view of other States, accompanied by the reports of the 6 well-known researchers in the field of international relations, presented at the forum, reflects the external strategy of the main world powers and the situation in regional security at the moment, the problems of governance, security and economy in hot spots, and also helps us to understand the changing China and the world.
This scheme is divided into six parts, covering, respectively, six major powers and regions. Countries or regions connected by line segments, which in turn are accompanied by explanations.
"America" in the scheme of international relations
Since coming to power trump "the priority of the United States" became diplomatic policy and purpose of the United States. While disagreements between the United States and Europe intensified, the US and Russia still compete and are in conflict. Revision of the North American free trade zone, the problems of migrants and refugees were the main factors affecting the United States and neighboring countries. At the same time, the United States continues to follow a strategy of "rebalancing the Asia-Pacific region," they inherited from the Obama administration, and constantly interfering in the Affairs of Asian countries. Trade friction with China has also increased considerably. We look forward to the next visit trump in China to see whether it is to give a chance for improved trade relations between China and the United States.
The U.S. view of China Processor of the school of public management. Zhou Enlai, Zhang Guijuan considers that, although during the reign of trump's foreign policy and its goals are priorities for the United States, however, such a slogan is an empty word, it is difficult to specify and apply in practice. This is actually American isolationism unilateralism plus. With regard to U.S.-China relations, the lack of a clear strategy from the government, the U.S. led with trump in China has led to the fact that China is gradually taking over the leadership of the development of relations between China and the United States.
"Russia" in the scheme of international relations
As shown below, Russia still uses the strategy of "double eagle" as the basis of its foreign policy and vigorously promotes the Eurasian economic Union (EAE). Still, there are mutual sanctions between Russia and Europe. After coming to trump to power, it seems, there is hope for the development of Russian-American relations, but it is slow. Between Russia and China still have a strong connection. In the future will gradually be made to pair the project "One belt, one road" and the Eurasian economic Union. In addition, Russia also increased its intervention in the events in the middle East and strengthened its military presence and political mediation in the region.
The Russian view on China: Professor Wu, DAHUA of Tsinghua University believes that currently Russia pushes the CIS countries to integration in the field of security, focusing on security threats from neighbors. As regards Ukraine, Russia has created a strong special area of military defense. Originally, trump had hoped to renew relations between the two countries, but he bound the two systems. So the future of Russian-American relations remains ambiguous.
In addition, the EU's policy towards Russia depends on US policy towards Russia. Russian diplomacy has always sought to create an anti-Western Alliance. China wants to cooperate with Russia to create a political Alliance against the West, so China and Russia maintain a relationship in which neither party bears any losses and both of it is profitable.
"Europe" in the scheme of international relations
As shown in the image below, in June of 2016 was officially published a "global strategy of the European Union (EU) for foreign Affairs and security policy". The new EU strategy is still "global". After a series of critical strikes home a goal that the EU were going to implement a new "strategy" was replaced with "demonstrate the international presence of the Alliance" to "demonstrate consensus in the field of external security". After the arrival of the trump to power has amplified disagreements between the United States and Europe. Europe and Russia is gradually coming together, but continue to operate the mutual sanctions. In such circumstances, new opportunities for the development of relations between China and the EU. However, the interaction of Europe with China in the framework of the project "One belt, one road" is still in doubt. In addition, negotiating the British exit from the EU have stalled, also stalled accession negotiations with Turkey in it. It all challenges the process of integration of Europe.
Look Europe to China: the head of the research Institute of the EU in the international studies Institute of China, Professor Cui Junttan believes that the situation in Europe goes from the previous "merge" to "division", except that such trend will continue in the future. When interacting with Europe, China needs to recognize the position of "third parties" that Europe is on the world stage, and promote the development of bilateral relations on the model of "dual drive" — whether in the sphere of economy, trade, regional security or strategic policy, China and the EU should work together to help maintain stability in the world.
"North East Asia" international relations
As shown in the image below, the northeast Asia has always been a place, where he met and came into conflict with the interests of the great powers. In the political sphere between the countries of northeast Asia, there is no mutual trust; in trade-economic sphere, negotiations on establishing a free trade zone between China, Japan and South Korea are stalled; in the sphere of security of nuclear test North Korea threaten peace and stability in the region. At the same time, the military Alliance between the extraterritorial power of the US, Japan and South Korea aggravates the cold war mentality in northeast Asia. In such conditions, when Russia gradually increases its attention to Asian Affairs, whether it be a potential power that will help to establish the balance of power in northeast Asia?
View North-East Asia China Professor Zhu Feng, head of the research Institute of international relations at Nanjing University, believes that today's northeast Asia has all the factors necessary for geo-strategic conflict. Unresolved historical disputes, there remains the problem of competition and increasing nationalism. If China, Japan and South Korea will cooperate, they can create a new Asia. Without cooperation with China, Japan and South Korea, between East and West is no real balance. Today's nuclear problem in North Korea is not a strategic game between the major powers, namely the responsibility, which must divide major powers.
"Southeast Asia" international relations
China maintains close ties with the countries of Southeast Asia, they often interact in the political and economic sphere and in the sphere of security. However, the major powers outside the region also stepped up its intervention in South-East Asia, which led to a complex and unstable situation in the region. In the political sphere "model of ASEAN", the hallmark of which is the "consensus" plays a leading role in political cooperation in Southeast Asia. As for security, at the moment in all countries of the region and the trend of the spread of terrorism and the risk of an arms race. In the economic sphere, the region of South-East Asia is gradually creating a system of economic cooperation, in which the main frame is a free trade area of ASEAN.
View Southeast Asia on China: Professor Hu Yishan, senior Advisor for international Affairs of the Asian Institute of strategy and leadership in Malaysia, said that although the issue of the South China sea showed clearly that China and some countries of the region face certain security challenges, and also face interference from external forces, but these factors may prevent the strengthening of relations between China and Southeast Asia. Professor Hu believes that the most successful result of the initiative of "One belt, one road" is "the Maritime silk road of the 21st century", covering the Southeast Asia region. However, the demonstration effect "one way" will inevitably lead to the rapid promotion of the "one zone".
"The middle East" in the scheme of international relations
As shown below, at this point in the political sphere there is a rivalry between major powers: Saudi Arabia and Iran for supremacy in the Islamic world. As for security, the terrorist forces in the region is difficult to resolve. In the economic sphere in recent years one could observe a fall in world oil prices that drove the economy of the Middle East to begin the conversion. Currently, the United States intervention in the Affairs of the middle East region has decreased, but the military presence of Russia in it has increased significantly. China has focused on cooperation with Saudi Arabia and Turkey in the fight against terrorism, it continues to promote political and economic cooperation in the middle East in the framework of the initiative "One belt, one road".
Look in the Middle East, China Professor Beijing foreign languages University MA Ming Xiaoling reviewed the historical background and geopolitical opportunities associated with the issue of the Middle East, and noted that these events should "game" the two great powers: Russia and the United States. Speaking about the initiative "One belt, one road", MA Xiaolin said that China should take full advantage of this opportunity for the development of friendly relations with the countries of the Middle East and the creation of "a new type of diplomacy in the middle East". To the world, "the middle East is the grave of the great powers, and thus a touchstone of great power".
General summary: the relationship between the major powers and neighboring countries have always been the main content of foreign policy. Foreign policy and strategic goals of various countries interact with each other and intertwined together to form the current complex international situation. If China manages to see the world from the point of view of other countries, it will help him to improve dialogue with them. In this regard, the international analytical center Phoenix New Media sought to create a series of strategic schemes of international relations, to using the most clear visual model to reflect external strategy of the main world powers and the situation in regional security at the moment, as well as problems of governance, security and economy in hot spots. We are trying to show readers the overall situation of international relations at the moment to help them to think about what is the current world? As China needs to enter the foreign arena?
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